Hydroponics is the cultivation of plants without soil. Hydroponic flowers, herbs, and vegetables are planted in internal growing medium and are supplied with oxygen, water, and nutrient-rich solutions. This system encourages faster growth, stronger outputs, and higher quality. When a plant is grown in soil, its roots are perpetually on the look for the necessary nutrition to support the plant. If a plant’s root system has direct exposure to water and nutrition, the plant has no point in exerting any energy in self-sustention. The energy expended by the roots for the acquisition of food and water can be redirected into the maturation of the plant. Consequently, leaf growth flourishes along with the blooming of flowers and fruits.

Plants sustain themselves by the photosynthesis process. Plants absorb sunlight by means of a green pigment called chlorophyll present in their leaves. The light’s energy is used to divide water molecules absorbed by them by means of their root system. The hydrogen molecules in combination with carbon dioxide produces carbohydrates, which in turn is used by plants for self-nourishment. Then, oxygen releases into the atmosphere as a crucial factor for the preservation of the habitability of our planet. Plants do not have soil requisition for photosynthesis purpose. The soil is needed to be supplied with water and nutrients. Upon dissolution of nutrients in water they can be directly applied to the plant’s root system by means of flooding, misting, or immersion.