Hydroponic Gardening: A Step-By-Step Guide

If you’re a fan of gardening but hate spending time in the hot sun, you might want to consider growing your food instead of buying it at the grocery store. This step-by-step guide will provide you with the knowledge and practical experience needed to start growing your organic plants hydroponically. In this guide, you’ll learn how to build a hydroponic system, grow vegetables, fruits, herbs, flowers, and harvest your food. Hydroponics is the most common method of growing plants indoors. It offers an alternative to the traditional farming method, which often involves using soil, sunlight, and rainwater to grow plants.

Hydroponic gardening is not for everyone, but it can be a fun and rewarding hobby that’s also environmentally friendly and cost-effective. Hydroponic gardening doesn’t require much space, and it can even be done in small spaces. It’s also an ideal hobby for people who want to grow their food but don’t have much time to devote to gardening.

1. Set Up a Water-Only System

Before you can begin growing your organic food, you’ll need to get started with a hydroponic system. This system is also called a water-only system because it uses water instead of soil to grow plants. Water-only systems are much easier to set up than soil-based gardening systems, and they can be used indoors. They’re also more cost-effective and require less maintenance than soil-based gardening.

To set up a water-only system, you’ll need to purchase essential supplies, such as a hydroponic nutrient solution, a hydroponic nutrient solution dispenser, and a pump. You’ll also need a nutrient solution bottle, a reservoir, and a filter.

A hydroponic system is comprised of two main parts: a nutrient tank and a growing chamber. The nutrient tank or the producing chamber can both be used to cultivate plants. In the nutrient tank, you can grow vegetables, herbs, and flowers, and in the growing chamber, you can grow fruits. A clear glass panel separates the nutrient tank and growing chamber.

2. Build a Nutrient-Rich Medium

When you’re setting up your water-only system, you’ll also need to create a nutrient-rich medium, a mixture of nutrients and water used to grow plants. Peat moss, perlite, vermiculite, or lava rock are commonly used as potting mediums.

The medium is usually placed in a growing tray, which is a tray that’s used to grow plants. The tray is usually made of plastic, but you can also use a tray made of wood or ceramic.

3. Feed Your Plants Properly

Feeding your plants properly is an essential part of hydroponic gardening. If you feed your plants too little, they’ll grow slowly and produce less food. If you feed them too much, they’ll increase, but they won’t produce enough food to support their growth. You have to focus on providing your plants with the nutrients they need to produce fresh food when you feed them. You’ll want to make sure that you feed your plants the right amount of nutrients so that they’ll grow and produce as much food as possible.

4. Grow vegetables, fruits, herbs and flowers

Hydroponic gardening is a great way to grow vegetables, fruits, herbs, and flowers. There are several different methods of growing plants hydroponically, including growing them in nutrient-rich water and using grow bags. Grow bags are made from a porous material that allows water to flow through them, so it’s a great way to grow plants without using soil. Grow bags are simple to set up and maintain, and they may be reused multiple times.

5. Select the Right Seeds

To grow healthy plants, you need to choose the right seeds. You could either get seedlings from a nursery or start from seeds you’ve grown at home. If you grow your seeds, you’ll want to use the best quality seeds that you can get your hands on. The following seeds will grow the best hydroponic plants: Tomato, Pea, Cucumber, Pepper, Broccoli, Spinach, Cabbage, Watermelon.

6. Harvest and Dry your Plants

Harvesting your plants is an integral part of hydroponic gardening. Whenever your plants are ready for harvesting, you should only harvest them up. If you harvest them too soon, you’ll lose the nutrients they need to grow. If you’re producing fruits and vegetables, wait until they’re mature before plucking them. You can use your harvest to make herbal tea, or you can dry your plants to use in other ways. When your plants are ready to be harvested, you’ll need to make sure that you’re able to dry them for storage. It’s important to dry your plants before you harvest them because you don’t want to let them go to waste. Drying your plants is a great way to preserve the food that you’ve grown.

7. Clean Your Plants

It’s essential to clean your plants regularly to remove any dirt, debris, and insects that might have found their way into your plants. Cleaning your plants is a great way to prevent them from getting diseases, and it can also help to make sure that they’re growing as healthy as possible. You’ll need to clean your plants regularly, and you have to do this in a safe way for your plants. You might clean your plants with a spray bottle and a garden hose. You can also cleanse them using a soft toothbrush or a sponge.

8. Make Homemade Fertilizer

You can make your homemade fertilizer to feed your plants. You’ll want to use a combination of compost and fish emulsion to make your fertilizer. Fish emulsion is a great way to feed your plants because it contains the nutrients needed to grow and produce as much food as possible. You can make your fish emulsion by using a blender and blending up fish emulsion, then adding compost. Do not use fish emulsion that contains mercury because it can be harmful to your plants.

9. Manage Your Plants Properly

If you’re growing plants hydroponically, you’ll need to manage them properly. It’s essential to consider the amount of light your plants absorb. You must ensure that your plants receive sufficient sunlight to flourish healthily. If you’re growing plants indoors, you should know when to water them and when it’s time to harvest them. You can use a digital thermometer to know when it’s time to water your plants, and you can use a soil thermometer to know when it’s time to harvest your plants. You should also be paying attention to how much water your plants are released in. Don’t overwater your plants because you’ll run the risk of having them rot.


Hydroponic gardening is a great way to grow healthy plants and have all of the nutrients that they need to grow. It’s also a great way to save money because you don’t have to buy the soil or fertilizer to grow your plants. Hydroponic gardening is a beautiful activity that you can begin right now. So, start growing your hydroponic garden and start enjoying the benefits of growing your food.

Please contact us if you have any questions about gardening or hydroponics in Chandigarh, Mohali, Panchkula, or anywhere else in India.

Top 13 Gardening Tips for Beginners

Never participated in gardening earlier? No worries; not all are blessed with a huge garden, but this will not dissuade you from embracing your desire for gardening. Gardening is both enjoyable and fulfilling. What might be healthier than having vegetables you’ve raised yourself or enjoying a delicious meal on the terrace while accompanied by the odor of your fragrant plants? Organic fruits, veggies, plants, and blossoms brighten up a patio. However, if you’re a first-time gardener, there are several factors you must consider before getting started. Air-Grow will be there to help you every step along the way. Here are some easy-to-follow tips to assist you in getting started with your home gardening.

Take a look at these 13 basic gardening ideas below.


1. Get to recognize your garden.

It’s a great strategy to get to discover your area before you begin. Examine the orientation – is it towards the south or north? Recognizing where the sunlight falls to the ground would assist you in determining what to plant and where to grow it. Also, it’s crucial to identify precisely what form of soil you have. A soil test will enable you to learn more about your earth and, as an outcome, what plants you can cultivate.

2. Choose the best location.

It is more about the site for establishing a garden, just as it is with property investment. Establish your plants in a prominent spot in your lawn so that you can see them daily (out of sight, out of mind applies to gardening). You’ll be more interested in spending time there this way.


3. Go with the movement of the sun.

As you’re initially starting to gardening, it’s natural to make missteps like failing to understand the amount of sunshine. While deciding on a location for your gardening, pay close attention to how well the sun shines over your landscape. To grow, many edible plants, like many crops, herbs, and fruit and vegetables, require a minimum of 6 hours of sunlight.

4. Make sure you’re near a body of water.

Arranging your garden close to water resources is one of the best landscaping ideas you’ll ever learn. Ensure you could link your garden to a faucet so you might not have to carry the water to it every time your plants require water. Pressing a fingertip 1 inch down into the soil (about one knuckle deep) is the easiest way to determine if plants must be watered. It’s time to rinse if it’s been dry.


5. Initiate with healthy soil.

One of the most valuable aspects of recommendation is to buy good nutritionally, well-drained soil when it comes to planting crops. Submit the samples to the laboratory or use an at-home kit to evaluate the pH level of your soil to check it is healthy enough to sustain plants. Some fruits and vegetables might handle different pH levels, but in general, something between 6.5 and 7 would be sufficient (except for eggplant, melons and potatoes). These three macronutrients, nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus, should also be examined. If your test shows adverse outcomes, you’ll need to pay a bit more attention to resolving the issues.

6. Select appropriate plants.

It’s necessary to choose plants that are suitable for your growing conditions. It implies planting sun-loving plants in a sunlit area, preferring heat-tolerant crops in hot climates, and providing vines that devour the floor, such as pumpkins and melons, plenty of room (or a trellis to climb). Conduct some research, then choose species that would flourish wherever you reside, and in the area you have accessible. Begin with healthy young plants rather than cultivate from seed to increase exponentially when planting vegetables and herbs.


7. Think about containers.

If storage is restricted, consider using containers. Several plants, especially vegetables, spices, blossoms, grapevines, berries, and bushes, could be cultivated in planters. Whenever planting in containers, choose a big pot to hold the plants. It’s not only created to aid potted plants to grow, but this also protects from over-and-under watering.

8. Find your safe zone.

Identifying your “resilience zone” might aid you in selecting the most suitable plants. Defined indicates the most excellent climate in which a plant may thrive. The hotter the weather, the higher the zone number. So, if a species claims “hardy to zone 4” and you live in zone 5, it will thrive in your garden. While you live in zone 3 though, you won’t be able to harvest that specific plant because it’s too frigid.


9. Get to recognize your frost dates.

Growing any plant too soon (or too late) in the seasons could be devastating. You’ll determine your region’s latest regular spring frost date so you wouldn’t damage plants by bringing them out too soon. Also, it’s good to learn when your first average autumn frost date is so that you can pick or transfer your plants inside before the late-season winter destroys them.

10. Feed plants daily.

We’ve just discussed the significance of beginning with rich soil, but even that soil performs optimally when reinforced with high nutrients daily. To look at it another way, great soil combined with high-quality plant food equals excellent garden growth! Therefore, one month after creating your garden, start feeding it with plant food. Remember to follow the instructions on the label.


11.Cover an area with mulch.

Spread a 2 to a 3-inch generous amount of mulch around every plant. You can minimize weed growth and moisture loss through evaporation by hiding the sunlight, requiring less irrigation. Alternatively, you might use a straw, shredded leaves, pine straw, or another locally accessible material.

12. Spice it up a bit

You shouldn’t have to confine yourself to producing only veggies or just herbs. Whenever it refers to your vegetation, it feels easy to experiment. Plant fresh spices in your garden area today. Some plants are excellent companions, yet they might not always generate the same crop.


13. Have some Gardening Equipment

You can quickly put yourself into a terrible situation if you don’t have the appropriate tools or any equipment either. Pliers, trimmers, a garden fork, a hand trowel, spades, a rake, a hoe, a sprayer with an adjustable nozzle, a spraying wand or irrigation bottle, and a wheelbarrow are some of the requirements.